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The Royal Musical Association

An Analysis of British Music Research as reflected in REF2014 and RAE2008

In this section:

Foreword

The Project and Headline Conclusions

The Research Excellence Framework (REF)

Tables

Methodology and Selection Procedures

Sources

Acknowledgments


Downloadable PDF

Data Tables

Table 1.  Overview of Outputs and Impact Case Studies

 

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

REF2014 Impact Case Studies
(Music UoA35)

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

 

Text-based, including online resources, software and artefacts

1441

60.1

556

88.1

1997

65.9

1441

56.8

 

Performance and related creative practice

194

8.1

10

1.6

204

6.7

301

11.9

 

Composition and related creative practice

764

31.8

65

10.3

829

27.4

797

31.4

 

TOTAL

2399

631

3030

 

2539

104



Table 2.  Text-based outputs

including online resources, software and artefacts

 

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

REF2014 Impact Case Studies
(Music UoA35)

Classification

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

Historical studies *

676

42.9

98

17.6

774

36.3

805

51.5

43

Ethnomusicology, world music

206

13.2

33

5.9

239

11.2

175

11.2

16

Popular music studies

122

7.7

89

16.0

211

9.9

96

6.2

8

Computer music studies, music technology, recording

105

6.6

56

10.1

161

7.6

63

4.0

14

Performance studies *

83

5.3

17

3.1

100

4.7

82

5.3

9

Psychology, neuroscience

76

4.8

65

11.7

141

6.6

57

3.6

3

Film music studies, TV, games

76

4.8

31

5.6

107

5.0

35

2.2

2

Education

55

3.5

44

7.9

99

4.6

71

4.5

11

Music theory and analysis *

52

3.3

3

0.5

55

2.6

59

3.8

0

Aesthetics, philosophy, criticism *

34

2.2

38

6.8

72

3.4

19

1.2

0

Other scientific

28

1.8

4

0.7

32

1.5

24

1.5

3

Music therapy, health, wellbeing

26

1.6

27

4.9

53

2.5

23

1.5

8

Instruments, voice *

24

1.5

10

1.8

34

1.6

35

2.2

5

Cultural industries

12

0.8

41

7.4

53

2.5

19

1.2

4

* These categories are included in the dating table (Table 5).



Table 3.  Performance and related creative practice

 

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

REF2014 Impact Case Studies
(Music UoA35)

Classification

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

Performance of notated scores *

182

93.8

0

0.0

182

89.2

267

88.7

16

Improvisation and other non-notated practice

12

6.2

9

90.0

21

10.3

15

5.0

2

Recording projects

0

0.0

1

10.0

1

0.5

19

6.4

0



Table 4.  Composition and related creative practice

 

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

REF2014 Impact Case Studies
(Music UoA35)

Classification

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

Score-based composition (chamber/solo)

242

31.7

0

0.0

242

29.2

302

37.9

5

Technology-based composition with acoustic instruments

146

19.1

0

0.0

146

17.6

123

15.4

3

Score-based composition (large ensembles)

121

15.8

0

0.0

121

14.6

169

21.2

17

Technology-based composition

94

12.3

7

10.8

101

12.2

92

11.5

7

Installation, multimedia

83

10.8

43

66.2

126

15.2

27

3.3

10

Score-based opera / music theatre

58

7.6

6

9.2

64

7.7

45

5.7

8

Film music / broadcast media / games

20

2.6

9

13.8

29

3.5

39

4.9

2



Table 5.  Dating

 

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

REF2014 Impact Case Studies
(Music UoA35)

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

Text-based (asterisked categories only)

To c1400

48

5.1

15

7.5

63

5.4

51

4.8

6

15-16c

73

7.5

11

5.5

84

7.3

84

7.5

7

17c

74

7.6

7

3.5

81

7.0

85

7.6

3

18c

143

14.2

14

7.0

157

13.6

160

13.8

7

19c

210

20.7

23

11.6

233

20.2

257

21.9

11

c1900-c1945

173

17.1

25

12.5

198

17.1

192

16.5

9

c1945-c2000

138

13.7

27

13.6

165

14.3

178

15.4

8

c2000-

59

6.2

29

14.6

88

7.6

37

3.5

1

no clear period

58

6.1

29

14.6

87

7.5

93

8.2

5

Performance of notated scores

To c1400

3

1.4

 

 

 

 

3

1.0

1

15-16c

14

6.5

 

 

 

 

11

3.5

3

17c

23

10.6

 

 

 

 

31

9.6

3

18c

33

15.2

 

 

 

 

46

14.2

3

19c

16

7.4

 

 

 

 

35

10.8

3

c1900-c1945

28

12.9

 

 

 

 

46

14.2

2

c1945-c2000

42

19.4

 

 

 

 

69

21.2

1

c2000-

54

24.9

 

 

 

 

79

24.3

1

no clear period

2

0.9

 

 

 

 

3

1.0

0



Table 6.  Output types

As selected by the submitting HEI: they do not match the figures above, as sometimes a composition may be designated ‘performance’ or ‘digital media’ etc.

REF2014
Outputs
(Music UoA35)

REF2014
Outputs
(Other UoAs)

REF2014
Outputs
(All)

RAE2008
Outputs
(UoA67)

Type

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

Frequency

%

J

Composition

637

26.5

8

1.3

645

21.3

649

25.6

D

Journal article

612

25.5

323

51.2

935

30.9

560

22.1

C

Chapter in book

460

19.2

102

16.6

562

18.5

441

17.4

A

Authored book

198

8.2

84

13.3

282

9.3

202

8.0

Q

Digital or visual media

134

5.6

13

2.1

147

4.9

195

7.7

I

Performance

105

4.4

15

2.4

120

4.0

150

5.9

B

Edited book

78

3.2

19

3.0

97

3.2

50

2.0

R

Scholarly edition

51

2.1

2

0.3

53

1.7

68

2.7

T

Other form of assessable output

38

1.6

4

0.6

42

1.4

70

2.8

E

Conference contribution

23

1.0

15

2.4

38

1.3

55

2.2

M

Exhibition

21

0.9

26

4.1

47

1.6

8

0.3

L

Artefact

18

0.7

16

2.5

34

1.1

25

1.0

H

Website content

8

0.3

1

0.2

9

0.3

50

2.0

G

Software

4

0.2

0

0.0

4

0.1

5

0.2

U

Working paper

4

0.2

1

0.2

5

0.2

0

0.0

S

Research datasets and databases

3

0.1

0

0.0

3

0.1

3

0.1

F

Patent/published patent application

2

0.1

0

0.0

2

0.1

0

0.0

P

Devices and products

1

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.0

1

0.0

N

Research report for external body

1

0.0

2

0.3

3

0.1

7

0.3

K

Design


1

0.0

0

0.0

1

0.0

0

0.0



Table 7.          Outputs submitted to other REF2014 UoAs with ‘music’ and related terms in the title

Panel

Sub-panel 

Outputs

Panel totals

A

3

Allied Health Professions, Dentistry, Nursing and Pharmacy

9

 

A

4

Psychology, Psychiatry and Neuroscience

29

 

A

5

Biological Sciences

2

40

B

11

Computer Science and Informatics

52

 

B

13

Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Metallurgy and Materials

14

 

B

15

General Engineering

6

72

C

16

Architecture, Built Environment and Planning

4

 

C

17

Geography, Environmental Studies and Archaeology

5

 

C

19

Business and Management Studies

14

 

C

21

Politics and International Studies

4

 

C

22

Social Work and Social Policy

7

 

C

23

Sociology

18

 

C

24

Anthropology and Development Studies

13

 

C

25

Education

57

 

C

26

Sport and Exercise Sciences, Leisure and Tourism

11

133

D

27

Area Studies

3

 

D

28

Modern Languages and Linguistics

50

 

D

29

English Language and Literature

40

 

D

30

History

17

 

D

31

Classics

6

 

D

32

Philosophy

8

 

D

33

Theology and Religious Studies

4

 

D

34

Art and Design: History, Practice and Theory

122

 

D

35

Music, Drama, Dance and Performing Arts [non-Music items]

41

 

D

36

Communication, Cultural and Media Studies, Library and Information Management

95

386

   

TOTAL


631

631

This table was compiled from an initial search of output titles containing any of the following terms:
Acoustic; Instrument(al); Melod(y/ic); Music; Opera; Pitch; Play(er/s, ing); Sing(-er/s, ing); Song; Sound; Timbr(e/al)

The resulting items were then filtered as to whether they could reasonably have been entered as Music items to UoA 35.

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